Creation and Employment of ISIS / Daesh
For quite some time now there have been repeated reports that US created ISIS / Daesh in Iraq, and subsequently when ISIS / Daesh started acting against US’ geopolitical interests in Middle East, US declared it as a terrorist organisation and trained and equipped other militant groups, including the Kurds, in the region to assist US’ military operations against ISIS / Daesh. And, since last year reports emerged that after depleting the ISIS / Daesh in Syria, US has been engaged in covertly moving and deploying the pliant elements of ISIS / Daesh in Afghanistan to serve US’ geopolitical interest in that country and the region around Afghanistan.
These assertions in such reports are not without credible corroborative information. Many publications support that version. However, in the context that US created ISIS / Daesh, it will suffice to mention that even US President Mr. Obama, as the outgoing President, in his speech about terrorism in Tampa Florida had also admitted that fact. The report titled, ‘Obama Admits Creation of ISIS by Washington’, published by South Front: Analysis & Intelligence on 07 December 2016 highlighted, “Meanwhile, Obama virtually admitted that actions of the US (rather, the previous US administration) produced the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group. The outgoing US President said that mistakes of the country, made during the Iraqi campaign in 2003, allowed the IS to rise. At the same time, he immediately added that the US did not make such mistakes during his presidency”. (1)
In that context a US-based website Quora floated a question ‘Did the U.S. really create ISIS? How?’. It may be worth mentioning that “Quora is a question-and-answer site where questions are asked, answered, edited, and organized by its community of users. Its publisher, Quora Inc., is based in Mountain View, California. The company was founded in June 2009, and the website was made available to the public on June 21, 2010. Users can collaborate by editing questions and suggesting edits to answers that have been submitted by other users”(2). In response to the above-mentioned questio, one of the answers was provided through the article written by Garikai Chengu who is a Fellow of Harvard University’s Du Bois Institute for African Research. It is a lengthy article. Some of its worth noting extracts, which highlight the realities behind the creation and employment of ISIS / Daesh are:-
- “Much like Al Qaeda, the Islamic State (ISIS) is made-in-the-USA, an instrument of terror designed to divide and conquer the oil-rich Middle East and to counter Iran’s growing influence in the region”.
- “In order to understand why the Islamic State has grown and flourished so quickly, one has to take a look at the organization’s American-backed roots. The 2003 American invasion and occupation of Iraq created the pre-conditions for radical Sunni groups, like ISIS, to take root. America, rather unwisely, destroyed Saddam Hussein’s secular state machinery and replaced it with a predominantly Shiite administration. The U.S. occupation caused vast unemployment in Sunni areas, by rejecting socialism and closing down factories in the naive hope that the magical hand of the free market would create jobs. Under the new U.S.-backed Shiite regime, working class Sunni’s lost hundreds of thousands of jobs. Unlike the white Afrikaners in South Africa, who were allowed to keep their wealth after regime change, upper class Sunni’s were systematically dispossessed of their assets and lost their political influence. Rather than promoting religious integration and unity, American policy in Iraq exacerbated sectarian divisions and created a fertile breading ground for Sunni discontent, from which Al Qaeda in Iraq took root. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) used to have a different name: Al Qaeda in Iraq. After 2010 the group rebranded and refocused its efforts on Syria”.
- “ISIS is not merely an instrument of terror used by America to topple the Syrian government; it is also used to put pressure on Iran”.
- “America is using ISIS in three ways: to attack its enemies in the Middle East, to serve as a pretext for U.S. military intervention abroad, and at home to foment a manufactured domestic threat, used to justify the unprecedented expansion of invasive domestic surveillance” (3).
As for the aspect of the covert shifting and employment of the elements of ISIS / Daesh to Afghanistan by US to serve US’ geopolitical objectives in that country and its surrounding region, it started coming to light last year. Reports to that effect abound. A brief mention of just some of those reports is worth:-
- In December 2017 Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) reported that “Earlier this week, the Syrian government charged the US-led coalition at the UN with making deals with the remnants of Daesh and coordinating its actions”; and, “US helicopters have evacuated Daesh leaders from several areas across the Syrian province of Deir ez-Zor to the country’s northeast” (4).
- In February 2017 Russian foreign ministry had showed its concern over growing ISIS influence in Afghanistan (5).
- In August 2017 Massoumeh Torfeh, who is the former director of strategic communication at the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan and is currently a research associate at the London School of Economics and Political Science, specialising in Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia, warned, “ISIL’s ever increasing presence in Afghanistan could provoke Iran and Russia to get involved.”(6)
- A report published in February 2018 highlighted, “Last week, Iranian Armed Forces’ Chief of Staff Mohammad Baqeri accusedthe US of transferring Daesh militants from their crumbling caliphate into Afghanistan.”When the Americans realized that Daesh and [other] terrorist groups lost the territories they had previously occupied in Iraq and Syria, they transported them, by various means, to Afghanistan, and we are now witnessing the explosions, terror and new crimes being committed in Afghanistan,” the officer said. ”. (7).
- The fact that US has been arming the Kurd militia in Syria has often been reported, and the practice continued as reported in November 2017 by the US-based Military Times under the caption ‘US still arming Kurdish allies in Syria’. (8)
- Very recently on 08 June 2018 the Washington DC-based Al-Monitor published a detailed report by Fazel Hawramy who is an independent journalist currently based in Iraqi Kurdistan. The report is captioned ‘Iran faces new threat as Kurdish jihadis join IS in Afghanistan. It highlights in detail the threats faced by Iran from the armed Kurds both from inside as well as from the armed Kurds who have joined with the ISIS’ branch known as Wilayah Khorasan in Afghanistan. The report also mentions that the threat of Iran’s and the region’s destability has become more intense as US President Trump’s anti-Iran rhetoric has intensified. (9)
On the other hand US government, US’ officials in Afghanistan and the current US-backed Ashraf Ghani’s Afghanistan government flatly refuse to accept these published charges about US’ involvement in covertly moving the ISIS / Daesh elements in Afghanistan and employing these elements to serve US’ objectives in the country and its region.
However, the much weighty ‘insider’ disclosures made by Hamid Karzai, the former President of Afghanistan government, in an interview to RT on the sidelines of the Valdai Forum in Sochi, Russia, clearly confirm the validity of these charges. It is worth noting that Mr. Hamid Karzai has long been a CIA-supported and US-backed person. That is why after the US’ military invasion and occupation of Afghanistan in 2001 he was made Chairman of the Interim Administration of Afghanistan, then in 2002 the Interim President for two years, followed by two successive terms as President of Afghanistan government from 2004 to 2014. He is therefore undeniably the most well-informed person about US’ policies and covert action in Afghanistan. Some of his assertions in that interview clearly prove US’ involvement in employing ISIS / Daesh elements to serve US’ interests. Those assertions are:
“The US uses the Islamic State insurgency as a tool in Afghanistan, aimed at destabilizing the whole region, the former Afghan president told RT, urging the international community to convince the US that it needs to actually fight terrorism.
No action was taken against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) terrorists despite their atrocious acts being well known “since the arrival of Daesh [an Arabic acronym for IS] on the Afghan scene,” former President Hamid Karzai said. He then mentioned reports of “unmarked foreign helicopters” providing support to the terrorists.
“From the two years onwards to today, every day the local people, the local elders, government officials, media and others began to report that unmarked helicopters, unmarked foreign helicopters, would go in and support extremists in all parts of the country,” the former president told RT on the sidelines of the Valdai Forum in Sochi, Russia.
There’s a lot of evidence, unfortunately, that shows that these extremist forces are supplied from the foreign bases within Afghanistan,” Karzai said. “The question is, ‘Why? For what reason?’ And if it is continuing, if it doesn’t stop, of course the conclusion is they are being used as a tool.” This tool is used by the US to pursue larger regional goals, according to Karzai”. (10)
The credible knowledge of Mr. Hamid Karzai’s long association with CIA and US’ officialdom and the fact that for 14 years he remained at the most trusted and ‘insider’ top position of US’ governance system in Afghanistan renders it almost impossible to refute these realities disclosed by Mr. Hamid Karzai.
(1). ‘OBAMA ADMITS CREATION OF ISIS BY WASHINGTON’